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2006年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)决赛高三年级组试题

2006年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)决赛高三年级组试题

(总分:150分  答题时间:120分钟)

听力部分(共四大题,计30分)

I. 句子理解(Statements) (共5小题;每小题1分,计5分)

请听句子,然后从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个与你所听到的句子意思一致或相近的答案。每个句子只读一遍。(答案涂在答题纸上)

1. A. Jeans are on sale at the department store.   

   B. Fred and Jean are going shopping tomorrow.

   C. There's a job in the sale's department.

   D. There's a big store being built on the corner.

2. A. Anyone who touches objects you have handled can catch your cold.

   B. If you have a cold, try not to spread your germs around when you cough.

   C. Even the healthiest people get colds from time to time.

   D. Colds are not serious, but they can lead to other illnesses.

3.

4. A. Swimming is not permitted where people are diving.

   B. You must not dive into the pool where the water is shallow.

   C. The water is not deep enough in this pool for you to dive.

   D. People are not swimming and diving at the same pool.

5. A. The number of visitors to forests at one time should be limited.

   B. Some environmentalists think that visitors should value our forests.

   C. The forests are in better shape now than when they were created.

   D. The peace and quiet of forests is broken by tourists.

 

II. 问句应答(Responses) (共5小题;每小题1分,计5分)

请听问句,然后从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个能够恰当回答你所听到的句子的最佳答案。每个句子只读一遍。(答案涂在答题纸上)

6. A. I'm sure I've seen the bag before.         

   B. Yes. It had my purse and keys in it.

   C. Well, you put the washing powder in the machine.

   D. Sorry, I decided to enjoy myself for a change.

7. A. Oh, yes—it's going to be great.            

   B. That's right—well, my first flight.

   C. Fine—I'll see you later in the week then.  

   D. Certainly—what you have to do is a waste of time.

8. A. Very nice, if you like that location.

   B. I know you hate spending money on your health.

   C. You have to make people look as if they're alive.

   D. You get an image and start off and that's all.

9. A. Oh, yes. Please wait in the departure lounge until you are called.

   B. Yes, this is an announcement for all passengers on the flight to Shenyang.

   C. Luckily, he offered me a lift, because he works near here.

   D. No, I've booked tickets on the coach, actually.

10. A. They're quite proud and happy about it.

    B. The people are very imaginative and open to new ideas.

    C. They play really very important roles in our lives.

    D. What you actually do is a pleasant surprise for them.

 

III. 对话理解(Dialogues)(共10小题;每小题1分,计10分)

A)  请听下面五组小对话,每组对话后有一个问题,根据你所听到的对话内容,选择能回答所提问题的最佳答案。每组对话和问题均读两遍。(答案涂在答题纸上)

11. A. At around 6:30 pm.                      B. After 7:00 pm.

    C. Late at night.                          D. Early in the morning.

12. A. Riding a bicycle with friends.           B. Travelling in the country.  

    C. Reading alone.                           D. Window shopping.

13.

14. A. Life is less expensive in the city.          B. Jobs are easier to find in the city.

    C. Her husband wants to live there.             D. She works in the city.

15. A. The woman hasn't finished the task.    

    B. The woman made a mistake in the design.

    C. The conference will be delayed again. 

    D. He was not allowed to attend the meeting.

B) 请听下面一段长对话,然后根据你所听到的对话内容,选择能回答下列问题的最佳答案。对话读两遍。(答案涂在答题纸上)

16. When did Jane Goodall begin studying chimpanzees?

    A. 30 years ago.        B. 26 years ago.        C. In 1960.             D. In 1986.

17. What special training did Jane have?

    A. Working with animals.                    B. No special training.

    C. Living in wild places.                   D. Learning animal languages.

18. Where did Jane go to study chimpanzees?

    A. Tanzania.                                B. Twenty-five countries in Africa.   

    C. Britain.                                 D. The East National Park of America.

19. What did Jane Goodall do to learn about chimpanzees?

    A. She read a lot of books on animals.                 

    B. She spent all her time with them, watching them.

    C. She set up centres to help chimpanzees.

    D. She looked after baby chimpanzees.

20. How would you describe Jane Goodall's study now?

    A. It's now finished because she is too old.      

    B. It's becoming a centre to help chimpanzees.

    C. It's helping young people learn more about the environment.

    D. It's the longest continual study of animals in the wild.

 

IV. 短文理解 (Passages) (共10小题;每小题1分,计10分)

A) 请听下面一段材料,根据你所听到的内容,选择能回答下列问题的最佳答案。材料读两遍。(答案涂在答题纸上)

21. What will be available after the concert in the library?

    A. Photos and cards.                       B. Food and drinks.

    C. CDs and videos.                         D. Newspapers and magazines.

22. What will the money from the concert be used for?

    A. Books for the school library.           B. A school trip to London.

    C. New computers for the children.         D. Some new school sports equipment.

23. Where will the Walking Club meet?

    A. In the market square.                   B. At the bus station. 

    C. Near the airport.                       D. In the car park by the lake.

24. Who is going to give a talk on Saturday evening?

    A. A local writer.                          B. A library assistant.

    C. A bookshop manager.                      D. A famous publisher.

25. What will the talk be about?

    A. A famous actor in the speaker's eyes.    B. Interesting stories about the university.

    C. A recent journey the speaker has made.   D. A wonderful career experience.

B) 非选择题:请听下面一段材料,根据你所听到的内容,补全空白处所缺的信息,每空一词。材料读两遍。(答案写在答题纸上)

               SUNNINGTON SPORTS CAMP

Choice of afternoon activity

          Sign list outside the (26)________ room

Clothes

          Wear track suit, but also bring (27)________
             
and a T-shirt
             
2 pairs of sports shoes

Food

           
Lunch served in canteen every half hour between
             
12:15 and (28)________ p.m.
             
Snack bar sells drinks, chocolate and (29)________

Certificate

          Marks given for
              
attitude: effort and team-work
             
performance: strength, (30)________ and skill

                     

笔试部分(共七大题,计120分)

 

I. 选择填空(Vocabulary and structure) (共15小题;每小题1分,计15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。(答案涂在答题纸上)

31. ________ is human nature, that many people don't value the things they possess until they have lost them.

    A. Such         B. So               C. As                   D. How

32. What ________ us was not what the little girl said but ________ she said it.

    A. surprised; the way                           B. surprising; in the way      

    C. surprise; in the way that                    D. has been surprised; the way which

33. Every object ________ a story. Even the most ordinary objects can present powerful images ________ us.

    A. tells; from          B. tells; to        C. told; to         D. was telling; from

34. ________ the danger from enemy action, people had to deal with a severe shortage of food, clothing, fuel, and almost everything.

    A. As soon as           B. As long as       C. As far as        D. As well as

35. Some reading material is too strange for anyone to believe; others are frightening stories of something ________.

    A. very good            B. even better      C. still worse      D. more important

36. The secretary must be away from the office. ________ when I phoned, nobody answered it.

    A. Whatever             B. No matter        C. In spite of      D. Though

37. ________ you think out your own strategies for getting high marks, everything ________ up to you.

    A. Before; looks        B. Unless; turns    C. Once; opens      D. While; brings

38. It was not rare in ________ that people in ________ fifties were going to university for________ education.

    A. 90; the; /                                  B. the 90s; /; more

    C. 90s; their; farther                         D. the 90s; their; further

39. The editor-in-chief asked me to write another article for them, ________ about how to prevent bird flu.

    A. that                 B. one              C. it               D. what

40. —Would you like me to make these calls for you?

    —I'd really appreciate it. I ________ made them a while ago, but I have been at meetings all day.

    A. must have            B. have had         C. should have      D. had had

41. You may be admitted to a well-known college or win a scholarship, ________ gaining the admiration of your teachers and parents.

    A. do not mention                           B. not mentioning  

    C. having never mentioned                   D. not to mention

42. The students all agreed that it was the best use that could ________ of the time.

    A. make                 B. made             C. be made          D. be making

43. When I try to understand ________ that prevents so many Americans from being as happy as one might expect, it seems to me that there are two causes.

    A. why it is            B. what it is       C. why it does      D. what it does

44. Diana: Jenny, thank you for the invitation. ________,  but I will need to speak with Jack to see if he is free that day.

    Jenny: I'll serve dinner at about 8:00 p.m. Does that time suit you both?

    Diana: 8:00 sounds fine.

    A. I am afraid I'll be busy that day

    B. I will call you to make sure of that

    C. I would enjoy meeting your friends

    D. I will give you my address and direction

45. Geoff: Let's stop here for a cup of coffee.

    Heather: Sounds great, but to tell you the truth, I didn't bring any money.

    Geoff: ________

    Heather: Thanks. Next time it's my turn.

    A. No problem. I did.                       B. That's OK. I'll bargain with them.

    C. That's too bad. How about tea?           D. Well, let's have something else.

 

II. 阅读理解(Reading comprehension) (共20小题;选择题5小题,每小题1分;非选择题15小题,每小题2分,计35分)

 A) 选择题:阅读下面短文,从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出能回答所提问题的最佳答案。(答案涂在答题纸上)

An Earthship is a home that is built of materials such as old tires and aluminum cans. It is the idea of a man named Michael Reynolds. Many Earthships are more or less self-sufficient because they provide their own heat, air and water. They often have gardens watered and fed by wastewater. They are comfortable and ecologically friendly.

The main material used in building Earthships is tires. Tires are plentiful and can't be recycled like paper, plastic, and metal. While building supplies for most houses can be very expensive, old used tires are free. First, the tires are packed tightly with dirt. Each full tire weighs as much as 400 pounds. The tires are then stacked like bricks. The walls are extremely strong. They also help keep an even temperature in the house (between 60 and 70 degrees) without heating and cooling systems.

The walls inside the Earthship are made of aluminum cans that are held together by cement. Then they are coated with adobe or stucco.

The roofs of Earthships are sloped so that rain and snow run into large tanks. These tanks hold all the water for the house, and pumps push the water through the pipes. Sometimes, water flows in certain areas of the house as waterfalls!Water that has been used is pumped out into the gardens where owners grow much of their own food.

In most of these houses, the southern side has huge windows that take in winter sunlight as a source of heat. Summer sun does not come in through the south windows, so it doesn't get too hot in the summer. The house also has solar panels that gather energy for lights and hot water and cooking. The Earthships have all the comforts of a regular house without the high cost of electric bills!

In a time when we are running out of energy resources, pollution is bad, and waste is piling up, Earthships are the best places to live in. For people who truly care about the environment, Earthships provide a great alternative to traditional houses. You won't be giving up any comforts, and the styles are attractive. We all hope that more and more people will build Earthships and take a huge step toward helping the environment and saving our planet.

46. What is the main idea of this passage?

    A. Earthships are a good way to live and protect the environment.

    B. Tanks hold water collected from rain and snow.

    C. It's important to grow your own food in a vegetable garden.

    D. People who live in Earthships usually live in the desert.

47. What does the underlined word “They” in Paragraph 2 refer to?

    A. Earthships.          B. Tires.               C. Bricks.          D. Walls.

48. Which sentence states an opinion?

    A. Earthships are made out of tires and cans.

    B. Tanks collect water for use in Earthships.

    C. Earthships can help save our planet.

    D. Tires can't be recycled but bottles and paper can.

49. Which evidence best supports the idea that Earthships are environmentally friendly?

    A. They were invented by Michael Reynolds.

    B. Water that has been used is pumped out into the garden.

    C. Summer sun does not come in through the south windows.

    D. This saying is becoming a reality.

50. Which statement is an example of propaganda (宣传)?

    A. The house also has solar panels that gather energy for lights and hot water.

    B. Earthships provide a great advantage over traditional houses.

    C. The walls are then coated with adobe or stucco.

    D. The construction of houses made of recycled materials has been growing.

B) 非选择题:阅读下列材料,然后按要求完成所给出的题目。(答案写在答题纸上)

A

Questions 51—54: Compare the two travel packages by completing the chart below.

B

Californians remember the devastating earthquake that struck 100 years ago. (55) At 5:12 Tuesday morning, sirens sounded through the city of San Francisco. Residents were marking the moment a century ago when a powerful earthquake shook the city. On April 18, 1906, the“Great Quake” killed between 3,000 and 7,000 people, destroyed some 28,000 buildings and sparked fires that burned for three days. Nearly half of the city's residents were left homeless.

Thousands of people came out to observe the 100-year anniversary of the quake. The spectators included 11 people who survived the quake. Those people are more than 100 years old!

One resident marked the anniversary in an unusual way. At the Exploratorium science museum in San Francisco, an artist sculpted a trembling San Francisco neighbourhood out of Jell-O.

One Hundred Years Ago Today

(56) When the quake struck 100 years ago, most of the city's 400,000 residents were still sleeping, so many residents were reportedly shaken from their beds. Buildings were flattened and gas and water pipes were cracked. In the days following the quake, fires spread throughout the city as residents scrambled through the rubble to find safety.

Scientists say the quake would measure a magnitude of 7.8 on today's Richter scale. The quake was so strong that its force was felt throughout the San Francisco Bay area. The quake's epicentre was near San Francisco, but the earthquake was felt from southern Oregon to south of Los Angeles and inland as far as central Nevada.

Could It Happen Again?

Experts say San Francisco is far more prepared for an earthquake today than it was 100 years ago, but only buildings built after 1970 are considered to be safe in an earthquake. A new study examines how another huge earthquake would affect the city. The study is being discussed this week at a three-day earthquake conference in San Francisco. The 1906 quake is considered one of the worst natural disasters in U.S. history.

Questions 55—56: Translate the underlined sentences in the passage into Chinese.

Questions 57—59: Answer the following questions according to the passage above.

57. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one?

     About 50% of the citizens' houses were destroyed in the earthquake.

58. What is the content of the study that was being discussed at the earthquake conference in San Francisco?

59. Give a suitable title for the passage. (Please answer within 8 words.)

C

Questions 60—61: Study the floor plan of the third floor of the Harold Washington Library Centre at the Chicago Public Library and answer the questions below.

60. How many photocopiers are on this floor?

61. If you walk from Circulation Check-in to General Information Services, in which direction will you be walking?

D

If the World Tourism Organization's forecasts are on target, international tourist arrivals will climb from the present 625 million a year to 1.6 billion in 2020.

Electronic technology is facilitating this growth by offering access to fare and hotel information and online reservation services. Despite a modest annual growth rate (3.1%), Europe will remain, by far, the most popular destination (it can expect 717 million international arrivals in 2020, double the 1998 figure), though its market share will decline from 59% to 45%. Growth on the continent will be led by Central and Eastern European countries, where arrivals are expected to increase by 4.8% per year. At the same time, almost half the world's tourists will be coming from Europe.

With a 7% per annum growth in international arrivals, the East Asia / Pacific region will overtake the Americas as the second most popular destination, holding a 27% market share in 2020 against 18% by the Americas. But the industry will also be doing its utmost to court the Asian  traveller, since East Asia / Pacific is forecast to become the world's second most important generator of tourists, with a 7% annual growth rate, pushing (64)________________________. China is expected to become the fourth largest source of tourists on the world market, while it is not even among the first twenty today.

While France has held its place as the top destination throughout the 1990s, it will be dethroned (removed from a position of power) in the next decades, with China (excluding Hong Kong) expected to top the list by 2020, even though it is not even featured on it today. Also making an entry into the top ten will be the Russian Federation, Hong Kong, and the Czech Republic.

Questions 62—65: Answer the following questions according to the passage and the four bar graphs above.

62. What does the author say is an effect of electronic technology (the World Wide Web) on tourism?

63. According to the bar graph, in what aspect did the United States lead the world in 1998?

64. The proper words or phrases in the blank should be ________.

65. What big change related to tourism is predicted for China by 2020?

 

III. 完形填空(Cloze) (共15小题;每小题1分,计15分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填上最恰当的单词,使短文语义完整通畅。每空一词。(答案写在答题纸上)

Bill Gates:

I've always been an optimist and I suppose that is rooted in my belief that the power of creativity and intelligence can make the world a better place.

For as long as I can remember, I've loved learning new things and solving (66)________. So when I sat down at a computer for the (67)________ time in the seventh grade, I was hooked (attracted). It was a clunk and Teletype machine and it could barely do anything (68)________ to the computers we have today. However, it changed my life.

When my friend Paul Allen and I started Microsoft 30 years ago, we had a vision of “a computer on every desk and in every home”, (69)________ probably sounded a little too optimistic at a time (70)________ most computers were the size of refrigerators. But we believed that personal computers would change the world. And they have.

After 30 years, I'm still as inspired by computers as I was back in the seventh grade.

I believe that computers are the (71)________ incredible tool we can use to feed our curiosity and inventiveness — to help us solve problems (72)________ even the smartest people can't solve on (73)________ own.

Computers have transformed (changed) how we learn, by giving kids everywhere a window into all of the world's knowledge. They're helping (74)________ to build communities around the things we care about and to stay close to the people who are important to us, no (75)________ where they are.

Like my friend Warren Buffett, I feel particularly lucky to do something every

day that I love to do. He (76)________ it “tap-dancing to work”. My job at Microsoft is as challenging as ever, but (77)________ makes me “tap-dance to work” is when we show people something new, (78)________ a computer that can recognise your handwriting or your speech, or

(79)________ that can store a lifetime's worth of photos, and they say, “I didn't know you could do that with a PC!”

But for all the cool things that a person can do with a PC, (80)________ are lots of other ways we can put our creativity and intelligence to work to improve our world.

 

IV. 翻译(Translation) (共5小题;每小题2分,计10分)

用括号中所给的词或短语将下列句子译成英语。(答案写在答题纸上)

81. 中国的丝绸通过“丝绸之路”由陆路运往印度、中东和罗马,用来交换香料和玻璃。(in exchange for)

82. 教育不在于教人知其所未知,而在于教人按其所未行而行。(behave)

83. 虽然人们都急急忙忙地赶着回家过周末,但是听到这动听的音乐,还是有很多人放慢了脚步。 (slow down one's pace)

84. 医生们知道减少痛苦和恐惧能够帮助病人更快地康复。(heal)

85. 哥哥有事必须去镇上,因此他帮木匠备好料后就走了。(on business; get ... ready)

 

V. 短文改错(Error correction) (共10小题;每小题1分,计10分)

此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:

此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

注意:原行没有错的不要改。(答案写在答题纸上)   

In the village which I grew up, everyone knew an old man who spent             86. ________

all his time painting. People who lived in the village used to admiring        87. ________

his works and he often gave his paintings to his friends. As they offered      88. ________

him money, he would never take it. He said he painted for a pleasure.          89. ________

He gave one of the paintings to my father, who wasn't interesting in art.      90. ________

Year later I found it again. By that time the old man had died and people      91. ________

had started to recognise his paintings as great works of art. They were        92. ________

now worthy lots of money. An art gallery made me an offer of $5,000            93. ________

for this painting and I nearly sold it, but then I decide not to. It reminds   94. ________

me of childhood and of the man who didn't really want to make money.           95. ________

 

VI. 智力测试(IQ) (共5小题;每小题1分,计5分)

回答下列问题。(答案写在答题纸上)

96. Where does harvest come before work?

97. The puzzle below consists of two completed sets and one uncompleted set. To solve it, use maths and deductive reasoning to figure out the mathematical sequence used to arrive at the numbers in the centre boxes of the two completed sets, and find the number that belongs in the blank box of the third.

98. The first answer in each row ends in the grey shaded square, and the second answer starts in the gray square. When you've answered all the clues, the letters in the grey column spell out what is weighing down the children's boat. Please write what the children have got in the boat.

CLUES

1. jacket ● chat, speak

2. opposite of “rich” ● look at a book

3. adore ●not odd

4. jumping insect ● uncle's wife

5. places to sleep ●  chair

6. list of food in a restaurant ● opposite of “pretty”

7. sixty minutes ● running competition

8. bee's home ● wicked

99. A doctor and a salesman fell in love with the same girl. The salesman had to leave for a week on business and so he gave the girl seven apples. Why?

100. The diagram on the left has been broken up into eight numbered areas separated by heavy lines. For the whole diagram to be half white and half grey four numbered areas would have to be penciled in. Three of them are 3, 4 and 5. What's the last one? (Any two half-squares can be counted as one square.)

 

VII. 写作 (Writing) (共2题;A题满分10分,B题满分20分,计30分)

A) F. Morrison told the businesspeople of Wetumka that he had a special opportunity for them. His“business opportunity” was a dishonest trick and the businesspeople of Wetumka lost their money. Please read the letter and give your comments on it and your suggestions to the people of Wetumka. Keep the length of your writing to 80 words or so. (答案写在答题纸上)

$100,000 IN 60 DAYS!

Please don't throw this letter away until you have carefully considered what I am about to show you. This could be the most important communication you will ever receive.

FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS BELOW AND IN 20 TO 60 DAYS, YOU WILL RECEIVE $100,000 CASH BY MAIL

1. Immediately send $5.00 cash to each of the five names below:

   ● Fred Hayward, 451 N. Fourth St., Indiana, PA 15701

   ● Jaime Nelson, 13760 Rose Lane, South Holland, IL 60473

   ● John Harvey, 7933 Pond Road, Whitewater, WI 53109

   ● Suzanne Petersen, 13 Lois Lane, Chicago, IL 60643

   ● Gary Smiles, 230 Fresno Ave., Santa Cruz, CA 95060

2. Remove the FIRST name, move the other names up and place your name in the fifth position.

3. Print 100 copies of this letter showing your name in the fifth position. Mail the 100 letters. (Do not put your return address on the envelopes.)

That's all there is to it! Within 20 to 60 days, you will receive $100,000 in cash. The fact that you have received this letter shows that it works!

B) People have a wide variety of news sources to choose from in the 21st century. While some people prefer computer-based sources, most still get their news from traditional ones. An English paper discusses how technology has changed the way people get the news. What is your opinion? Write an article about it for the paper. Keep the length of your writing to 120—150 words. (答案写在答题纸上

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大发国际娱乐手机官网  地址:江西省瑞金市沙洲坝镇    邮政编码:342506
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